When I got my backpay and disability determination, I did not receive all the money I was entitled to. If you have dependent children they also qualify to receive money based on your social security. However they just don't automatically give it to you. I waited a good week or so to get another letter and determintaion for my children but it never came! Thought it would be automatic since they had collected all the information they needed on my initial application. But no! I had to call the main social security number and find out what was going on. Got the runaround for awhile, until the woman finally pulled my information up on the computer. Then I had to wait yet another month, to get another appointment with my local social security office, just to go over the kid's info again. I got a verbal confirmation, over the phone, that they would be getting x amount and backpay as far as mine went! Every year I have to fill out a form to specify how that money is being spent on them. So I thought I would share this info with you because I figure some people that would be entitled to this benefit might overlook it and figure that their children aren't qualified because they didn't receive anything when their social security first gets awarded. This is from the SSDI site: When you qualify for Social Security disability benefits, your children MAY also qualify to receive benefits on your record. Your eligible child can be your biological child, adopted child or stepchild. A dependent grandchild may also qualify. To receive benefits, the child must be unmarried; and be under age 18; or be 18-19 years old and a full-time student (no higher than grade 12); or be 18 or older and have a disability that started before age 22. Normally, benefits stop when children reach age 18 unless they are disabled. However, if the child is still a full-time student at a secondary (or elementary) school at age 18, benefits will continue until the child graduates or until two months after the child becomes age 19, whichever is first. The determining factor seems to be how many credits you have with SSA. If you have enough you qualify, if you don't you don't. But they do not explain it!